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Links to listings for sections of the genus Amanita: Amanita  Casesareae  Vaginatae  Lepidella  Amidella  Phalloideae  Validae  Unassigned

Link to species of genus Limacella: Limacella


DRAFT - Last change date. - Under active development - DRAFT

Checklist of Amanita Taxa Recorded for the States of  
Alabama, Florida, and Georgia

R. E. Tulloss and Athena Wu

In this list of Amanita and Limacella species, there are now 88? taxa of which 32? appear to be undescribed in the literature.

With regard to supraspecific taxa, this document follows this website, "Studies in the Amanitaceae," edited by Tulloss and Yang.

The many collectors who have shared material with the Roosevelt lab are credited on a collection-by-collection basis in the "material examined" data fields of technical tabs for individual species on the "Amanitaceae Studies" website.
Photo credits not given on this page are to be found on individual species pages.


Genus Amanita (The type genus of the family Amanitaceae and identifiable by a sterile gill margin and a cap without gluten.)

Subgenus Amanita (Spores inamyloid.)

Section Amanita (Stipe bearing a basal bulb. NOTE: Do not confuse with cupulate volval remains on nonbulbous stipe base.)
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  1. Amanita levistriata Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL, GA
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1988]
    Spores: [80/4/4] (6.5-) 7.5 - 9.5 (-10.0) × (5.5-) 6.5 - 8.0 (-9.8) μm, (L = 8.3 - 8.7 μm; L’ = 8.5 μm; W = 7.2 - 7.7 μm; W’ = 7.4 μm; Q = (1.0-) 1.04 - 1.27 (-1.31); Q = 1.12 - 1.17; Q’ = 1.15).  [ image ]




  2. Amanita multisquamosa Peck
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1978], [Peck 1900A]
    Spores: [149/8/7] (6.6-) 7.0 - 11.2 (-15.0) × (5.2-) 5.6 - 8.2 (-8.8) μm, (L = 7.8 - 9.8 μm; L’ = 8.8 μm; W = 6.3 - 7.6 μm; W’ = 6.8 μm; Q = (1.05-) 1.12 - 1.50 (-1.63); Q = 1.22 - 1.39; Q’ = 1.30).  [ image ]




  3. Amanita parcivolvata (Peck) E.-J. Gilbert
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Gilbert 1941], [Jenkins 1977], [Murrill 1913]
    Spores: [87/5/4] (8.4-) 9.1 - 11.5 (-12.6) × (5.6-) 6.3 - 7.9 (-8.0) μm, (L = 9.9 - 10.9 μm; L’ = 10.4 μm; W = 6.7 - 7.3 μm; W’ = 7.0 μm; Q = (1.26-) 1.31 - 1.64 (-1.67); Q = 1.38 - 1.55; Q’ = 1.48).  [ image ]




  4. Amanita persicina (Dav. T. Jenkins) Tulloss & Geml
    =Amanita muscaria var. persicina Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL, GA
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1977], [Tulloss and Geml 2015]
    Spores: [327/16/11] (8.0-) 9.4 - 13.0 (-18.0) × (5.5-) 6.5 - 8.6 (-11.1) μm, (L = (9.8-) 10.0 - 12.1 (-13.0) μm; L’ = 11.0 μm; W = (6.8-) 6.9 - 8.0 (-8.1) μm; W’ = 7.4 μm; Q = (1.19-) 1.30 - 1.73 (-2.25); Q = (1.36-) 1.38 - 1.60 (-1.69); Q’ =1.48).  [ image ]




  5. Amanita roseitincta (Murrill) Murrill
    =A. komarekensis Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B],[Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1914]
    Spores: [336/10/7] (7.6-) 8.5 - 11.8 (-14.4) × (5.1-) 6.0 - 8.2 (-10.0) μm, (L = 9.2 - 10.9 μm; L' = 9.8 μm; W = 6.3 - 7.6 μm; W' = 7.0 μm; Q = (1.09-) 1.20 - 1.69 (-2.08); Q = 1.33 - 1.50; Q' = 1.42).  [ image ]


  6. Amanita roseophylla Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1985]
    Spores: [-/-/-] 10.2 - 11.7 × 7.0 - 7.8 μm, (Q = 131 - 1.56; Q’ = 1.49).


  7. Amanita subrecutita (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1945]
    Spores: [-/-/1] 12.5 - 13.3 × 7.0 - 8.6 μm, (Q = 1.54 - 1.90; Q' = 1.75)
    Cap 50 - 70 mm wide, surface tan with scattered patches of volva, with a striate margin.  The flesh is thin and white. Stem is 60 × 6-8 mm.



Section Caesareae (Stipe lacking a bulb at its base; having an annulus.)
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  1. Amanita arkansana H. R. Rosen
    Locs.: CA
    Lit.: [Rosen 1926]
    Spores: [240/11/6](7.0-) 7.7 - 10.5 (-15.0) × (5.6-) 6.0 - 8.0 (-10.2) μm, (L = (8.0-) 8.3 - 9.9 μm; L’ = 8.9 μm; W = (6.3-) 6.5 -7.3 μm; W' = 6.9 μm; Q = (1.10-) 1.18 - 1.43 (- 1.69); Q = (1.22-) 1.24 - 1.38; Q’ = 1.30).  [ image ]




  2. Amanita banningiana Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: AL
    Spores: [239/12/10] (7.5-) 8.4 - 12.0 (-15.0) × (5.0-) 5.7 - 7.8 (-9.8) μm, (L = 8.9 - 10.4 (-11.5) μm; L’ = 9.8 μm; W = 6.1 - 7.0 (-7.3) μm; W’ = 6.6 μm; Q = (1.14-) 1.32 - 1.69 (-2.14); Q = 1.39 - 1.59 (-1.69); Q’ = 1.49).  [ image ]


  3. Amanita cokeriana Singer
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Singer 1948]
    Spores: [-/-/-] 11 - 14.5 × 5.5 - 7.5 μm, (est. Q = 1.90 - 2.10; est. Q = 1.95)
    Cap 25 - 75 mm wide, nearly white with a straw-colored center, convex, then nearly plane, often with a depressed center at maturity. The flesh is white, soft, not very fragile, and 5 mm thick above the stem.The stem is 70 - 140 × 7 - 12 mm, white.




  4. Amanita murrilliana Singer
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Singer 1951]
    Spores: [254/11/9] (8.5-) 9.6 - 12.7 (-14.2) × (5.6-) 6.5 - 9.0 (-10.5) μm, (L = (10.4-) 10.5 - 11.9 μm; L’ = 11.3 μm; W = 6.6 - 7.9 (-9.8) μm; W’ = 7.6 μm; Q = (1.16-) 1.27 - 1.72 (-1.88); Q = (1.30-) 1.43 - 1.58; Q’ = 1.50).  [ image ]




  5. Amanita spreta (Peck) Sacc.
    Locs.: GA
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1978], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1914], [Murrill 1913], [Saccardo 1887]
    Spores: [214/10/10] (7.7-) 9.3 - 13.1 (-16.0) × (5.2-) 5.9 - 7.9 (-9.0) μm, (L = 9.9 - 12.8 μm; L’ = 11.4 μm; W = 6.2 - 7.4 μm; W’ = 6.8 μm; Q = (1.40-) 1.49 - 1.88 (-2.44); Q = 1.60 - 1.81; Q’ = 1.68).  [ image ]


  6. Amanita spretella (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1951]
    Cap 50 mm wide, gray, darker over center, convex, slightly umbonate, smooth with striate margin (60% of the radius); cap flesh thin and white.  Stem 85 × 6-8 mm.  Spores: [-/-/-] 11.7 - 13.3 × (6.7-) 7.0 - 7.8 μm, (Q = 1.50 - 1.88; Q' = 1.66).


  7. Amanita subvirginiana (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1941]
    Cap 20 mm wide, convex to plane without an umbo, with a striate margin (50% of the radius). The flesh is white and very thin. Stem is 40 × 3.5 - 4 mm, milk white.  Spores: [80/3/2] (9.0-) 10.5 - 13.8 (-15.5) × (6.2-) 7.8 - 10.0 (-11.8) μm, (L = 11.6 - 11.9 μm; L’ = 11.7 μm; W = 8.7 - 8.8 μm; W’ = 8.7 μm; Q = (1.20-) 1.23 - 1.51 (-1.92); Q = 1.33 - 1.37; Q’ = 1.35).


  8. Amanita sp-F02
    Locs.: FL
    Cap 21 - 33 mm wide, very pale gray, hemispheric, umbilicate, shiny.  Spores: [25/1/1] (9.8-) 12.9 - 16.8 (-19.2) × 5.9 - 8.0 μm, (L = 14.4 μm; W = 7.1 μm; Q = (1.66-) 1.80 - 2.22 (-2.40); Q = 2.02).




  9. Amanita sp-F11
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [40/2/2] (8.4-) 8.7 - 11.9 (-13.6) × 5.2 - 7.0 μm, (L = 9.6 - 10.1 μm; L’ = 9.8 μm; W = 5.8 - 5.9 μm; W’ = 5.8 μm; Q = (1.48-) 1.54 - 1.88 (-1.94); Q = 1.66 - 1.72; Q’ = 1.69).  [ image ]


  10. Amanita sp-F16
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [74/4/1] (11.2-) 11.6 - 15.1 (-19.0) × (5.5-) 6.0 - 7.6 (-8.5) μm, (L = 13.0 - 13.6 μm; L’ = 13.3 μm; W = 6.7 - 7.1 μm; W’ = 7.0 μm; Q = (1.63-) 1.69 - 2.53 (-3.11); Q = 1.86- 1.97; Q’ = 1.90).



Section Vaginatae (Stipe lacking a bulb at its base and lacking an annulus.)
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  1. Amanita coprinopsoides Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: AL
    Also mentioned as Amanita sp-A04 in RET's checklists and correspondence.  Cap gray and virgate with long tuberculate striations occupying 35-45% of radius.  At maturity with slight central depression and slight umbo.  Stipe white with saccate, membranous, white volva.


  2. Amanita floridana (Murrill) Dav. T. Jenkins ex Tulloss
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Murrill 1951], [Tulloss 2005]
    Cap hazel with dark center, 50 mm wide, dull, striations 40% of cap radius; cap lesh white and thin.  The stem 40 × 5 - 15 mm, white.  Spores: [40/1/1] (11.8-) 12.0 - 15.5 (-17.0) × (5.8-) 6.5 - 8.5 (-10.5) μm, (L = 13.7 μm; W = 7.4 μm; Q = (1.57-) 1.59 - 2.31 (-2.41); Q = 1.86).




  3. Amanita keesii Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: AL
    Cap has very long marginal striations (60-70% of radius) on a pale tan cap with slightly darker brown center.  Stem ringless, white with persistent white, saccate volva.  Gills white.  [ image ]




  4. Amanita rhacopus Y. Lamoureux nom. prov.
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [80/4/4] (9.3-) 9.6 - 12.0 (-12.2) × (8.5-) 9.0 - 11.0 (-12.0) µm, (L = 10.0 - 11.3 µm; L’ = 10.7 µm; W = 9.4 - 10.5 µm; W’ = 10.0 µm; Q = (1.02-) 1.04 - 1.12 (-1.14); Q = 1.05 - 1.08; Q’ = 1.06).).  [ image ]




  5. Amanita texasorora Tulloss, Kudzma, & D. P. Lewis nom. prov.
    Locs.: GA
    Spores: [40/2/2] (9.8-) 10.0 - 12.0 (-13.1) × (9.1-) 9.5 - 11.5 (-12.9) μm, (L = 11.2 - 11.3 μm; L' = 11.0 μm; W = 10.2 - 10.7 μm; W' = 10.4 μm; Q = 1.02 - 1.09 (- 1.10); Q = 1.04 - 1.07; Q' = 1.05).  [ image ]




  6. Amanita xanthomitra Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [140/7/4] (7.7-) 8.7 - 11.9 (-13.6) × (7.3-) 8.4 - 11.5 (-13.3) µm, (L = 9.5 - 11.0 µm; L’ = 10.1 µm; W = 9.1 - 10.6 µm; W’ = 9.6 µm; Q = 1.0 - 1.09 (-1.19); Q = 1.03 - 1.08; Q’ = 1.05).).  [ image ]


  7. Amanita sp-A03
    Locs.: AL




  8. Amanita sp-A06
    Locs.: AL
    Cap moderate red-brown, broadly conic with distinct central umbo.  Marginal striations extend for roughly 30-40% of the radius.  Stem is white, volva is whitish and saccate.  [ imaga ]




  9. Amanita sp-A12
    Locs.: AL
    Cap 65 - 100mm wide with marginal striations.  Cap zonate with dark band around inner end of striations, lighter zones are grayish brown color.  Striations cover about 15-30% of radius.  White stem is ringless with persistent saccate volva.  Spores: [20/1/1] 9.1-11.5 (12.9) × (8.0) 9.1-11.2 (11.5) Q= 1.0-1.22 (1.23), Q =1.08, L =10.9, W =10.1 μm.  [ image ]




  10. Amanita sp-F10
    Locs.: FL
    Cap 76 mm wide, with flesh thinning evenly to very near short striate margin; volva absent from cap. Saccate, tubular and persistent white volva on stem base.  Spores: [20/1/1] 9.1 - 10.8 (-12.6) × (7.3-) 7.7 - 8.7 (-9.8) μm, (L = 10.2 μm; W = 8.1 μm; Q = 1.14 - 1.31 (-1.36); Q = 1.26).  [ image ]



Subgenus Lepidella (Spores amyloid.)

Section Amidella (Margin appendiculate—at least at first.  Volva as a multilayered, thick-limbed, sac on a bulbless stipe base.  Many taxa in this section have the unusual combination of amyloid spores with a striate cap margin and truncate lamellae.  Species in this section often require microscopic examination for certain identification.  A frequent exception is A. whetstoneae.  [RET has personal correct field ID rate of around 75%—inadequate.]  Many species in this section will stain pinkish (sometimes very briefly) if collected in moist weather or otherwise in very fresh condition.  Toxicity of North American taxa of sect. Amidella is unknown.)
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  1. Amanita pseudovolvata Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: AL, FL
    Spores: [1337/66/55] (5.0-) 8.0 - 11.0 (-13.5) × (3.8-) 4.5 - 6.0 (-7.8) μm, (L = (7.6-) 8.5 - 10.6 (-11.0) μm; L’ = 9.6 μm; W = (4.5-) 4.8 - 5.9 (-6.5) μm; W’ = 5.2 μm; Q = (1.11-) 1.52 - 2.16 (-2.76); Q = (1.42-) 1.64 - 2.04 (-2.14); Q’ = 1.85).  [ image ]




  2. Amanita sagittaria Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: FL, GA
    Spores: [225/9/9] (9.1-) 11.0 - 15.9 (-19.0) × (3.1-) 3.5 - 4.9 (-5.5) μm, (L = 11.8 - 16.0 μm; L’ = 12.9 μm; W = 3.9 - 4.7 μm; W’ = 4.2 μm; Q = (1.96-) 2.56 - 3.75 (-4.68); Q = 2.70 - 3.61; Q’ = 3.06).  [ image ]




  3. Amanita volvata (Peck) Lloyd
    Locs.: GA
    Lit.: [Lloyd 1989], [Jenkins 1978], [Murrill 1951]
    Spores: [1223/61/45] (5.8-) 8.4 - 12.2 (-14.2) × (4.5-) 5.2 - 7.2 (-9.0) μm, (L = (8.6-) 9.0 - 11.8 (-12.4) μm; L’ = 10.3 μm; W = (5.1-) 5.5 - 6.8 (-7.6) μm; W’ = 6.2 μm; Q = (1.16-) 1.35 - 1.94 (-2.45); Q = (1.39-) 1.48 - 1.93 (-2.02); Q’ = 1.65).  [ image ]




  4. Amanita whetstoneae Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [1070/52/43] (7.0-) 8.8 - 12.0 (-14.1) × (4.2-) 4.8 - 6.5 (-8.2) μm, (L = (8.4-) 9.0 - 11.2 (-11.6) μm; L’ = 10.3 μm; W = (4.7-) 5.0 - 6.1 (-6.8) μm; W’ = 5.5 μm; Q = (1.28-) 1.54 - 2.19 (-2.69); Q = (1.61-) 1.66 - 2.04 (-2.13); Q’ = 1.87).  [ image ]


  5. Amanita sp-F12
    Locs.: FL
    Cap is a gray-brown disk and pale grayish margin which is nonstriate; there is a pointed radicating bulb and the volva is a robust limb; the stipe is annulate.  Spores: [40/1/1] (9.8-) 11.2 - 14.0 (-14.7) × 4.2 - 5.2 μm; L = 12.4 μm; W = 4.7 μm; Q = 2.65.




Section Lepidella  (Cap margin appendiculate—at least when young.  Stipe often, but not always, bearing a bulb.  Volva rarely limbate, never as a thick-limbed, multilayered sac on a bulbless stipe base.  A number of species in this section have been found to contain a non-protein amino acid that is a severe threat to the human kidney and liver.)  [Note: Also, see sp-06 under section Validae.] 
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  1. Amanita abrupta Peck
    Locs.: AL, GA
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1978], [Peck 1897]
    Spores: [40/3/3] 7.0 - 9.5 × 6.0 - 8.5 μm, (Q = 1.0 - 1.40 (-1.60); Q = 1.10 - 1.35).  [ image ]


  2. Amanita alliacea (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1941]
    Spores: [20/1/1] (12.0-) 13.0 - 14.5 × 4.0 - 4.5 μm, (Q = (1.70-) 3.0 - 3.50; Q = 3.20).  Garlic odor (Bas 1969).  Cap is 80 mm wide, convex, white, dry, shiny.




  3. Amanita atkinsoniana Coker
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Coker 1917]
    Spores: [65/7/7] 9.0 - 10.5 (-12.5) × 5.5 - 7.0 (-8.0) μm, (Q = 1.35 - 1.85; Q = 1.45 - 1.70).  [ image ]




  4. Amanita canescens Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1982B]

    Spores: [125/6/5] (6.5-) 7.5 - 10.8 (-12.0) × (4.5-) 4.8 - 6.0 (-6.8) μm, (L = 8.3 - 9.5 μm; L’ = 8.9 μm; W = 5.0 - 5.7 μm; W’ = 5.3 μm; Q = (1.35-) 1.46 - 1.94 (-2.16); Q = 1.60 - 1.75; Q’ = 1.67).  [ image ]




  5. Amanita chlorinosma (Peck in Austin) Lloyd
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1978], [Lloyd 1989], [Murrill 1913]
    Spores: [85/4/4] (7.5-) 8.0 - 11.0 (-12.2) × (4.5-) 4.7 - 6.5 (-7.5) μm, (L = 8.5 - 10.2 μm; L’ = 9.2 μm; W = 5.1 - 6.1 μm; W’ = 5.5 μm; Q = (1.37-) 1.45 - 2.02 (-2.35); Q = 1.52 - 1.81; Q’ = 1.69).  [ image ]




  6. Amanita cylindrispora Beardslee
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Beardslee 1936], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948]
    Spores: [530/24/19] (7.8-) 11.5 - 15.8 (-24.5) × (3.2-) 3.8 - 5.0 (-6.2) μm, (L = (11.7-) 11.9 - 14.4 (-15.3) μm; L’ = 13.3 μm; W = 4.0 - 4.8 (-4.9) μm; W’ = 4.3 μm; Q = (1.94-) 2.40 - 3.81 (-5.10); Q = (2.44-) 2.55 - 3.55 (-3.60); Q’ = 3.11).  [ image ]


  7. Amanita cylindrisporiformis (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1944]
    Spores: [38/1/1] (10.5-) 11.2 - 14.8 (-17.2) × 4.2 - 5.2 (-6.0) μm, (L = 12.8 μm; W = 4.7 μm; Q = (2.02-) 2.33 - 3.29 (-3.44); Q = 2.73).
    40 - 60 mm wide, white, convex, white flesh.


  8. Amanita inodora (Murrill) Bas
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Murrill 1946]
    Spores: [40/3/2] (11.0-) 11.5 - 13.5 (-15.5) × 3.5 - 4.5 (-5.0) μm, (Q= 2.70 - 3.80; Q = 2.90 - 3.10).
    The cap is 30-60 mm wide, somewhat convex, thin, and white. Stem is short, 35 - 55 × 10 - 16 mm wide.




  9. Amanita longipes Bas ex Tulloss & Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969] [Tulloss and Jenkins 1985]
    Spores: [820/41/41] (7.2-) 9.8 - 14.0 (-21) × (3.9-) 4.6 - 6.3 (-9.8) µm, (L = (10.3-) 10.4 - 12.7 (-13.6) µm; L’ = 11.8 µm; W = (4.5-) 4.8 - 5.9 (-6.3) µm; W’ = 5.4 µm; Q = (1.50-) 1.75 - 2.63 (-3.50); Q = (1.85-) 1.94 - 2.48 (-2.51); Q’ = 2.20).  [ image ]


  10. Amanita margarita (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948]
    Spores: [40/2/1] (10.0-) 11.2 - 14.0 (-15.0) × (4.5-) 4.8 - 6.0 μm, (L = 12.9 - 13.0 μm; L' = 13.0 μm; W = 5.3 - 5.4 μm; W' = 5.3 μm; Q = (1.67-) 2.02 - 2.80 (-3.16); Q = 2.43 - 2.45; Q' = 2.45).
    Coloring dull white to hazel. Flesh white, Cap measures 50 - 65 mm.




  11. Amanita mutabilis Beardslee
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Beardslee 1919], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Tulloss 1984]
    Spores: [235/11/10] (8.7-) 10.0 - 14.6 (-18.9) × (5.0-) 6.0 - 8.0 (-12.6) μm, (L = 11.0 - 13.1 (-13.8) μm; L’ = 12.0 μm; W = 6.6 - 7.6 (-8.3) μm; W’ = 7.0 μm; Q = (1.30-) 1.50 - 1.90 (-2.13); Q = 1.60 - 1.78 (- 1.89); Q’ = 1.71).  [ image ]




  12. Amanita nauseosa (Wakef.) D. A. Reid
    =A. malodora (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Reid 1966]
    Spores: [610/30/20] (6.0-) 7.0 - 10.0 (-13.5) × (4.9-) 6.1 - 8.2 (-11.1) μm, (L = 7.4 - 9.4 (-9.6) μm; L’ = 8.4 μm; W = 6.3 - 7.7 (-7.9) μm; W’ = 7.1 μm; Q = (1.0-) 1.05 - 1.38 (-1.86); Q = (1.08-) 1.09 - 1.33 (-1.34); Q’ = 1.19).  [ image ]


  13. Amanita pallidoflavescens Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1980]
    Cap 35 mm wide, plano-convex and slightly depressed at the center, white to silvery white. Volva is thick and present. Stem is 40 - 8 mm, and brownish gray.  Spores: [-/-/-] 8.6 - 10.2 × 4.7 - 5.5 μm, (Q = 1.56 - 2.17; Q = 1.76).


  14. Amanita parva (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1944]
    Cap is 30 mm wide, convex, white, and projecting sterile rim. Crust like patches near center. Stem is 50 - 60 × 5 mm, subcylindrical.  Spores: [75/4/2] (9.2-) 11.2 - 14.0 (-17.1) × (4.7-) 4.9 - 6.0 (-8.6) μm, (L = 12.1 - 12.7 μm; L’ = 12.5 μm; W = 5.3 - 5.5 μm; W’ = 5.4 μm; Q = (1.44-) 2.09 - 2.60 (-2.76); Q = 2.25 - 2.39; Q’ = 2.32).




  15. Amanita polypyramis (Berk. & M. A. Curtis) Sacc.
    Locs.: AL, FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Saccardo 1887], [Morales-Torres, Villegas, Cifuentes, and Tulloss 1999]
    Spores: [325/15/13] (7.0-) 9.1 - 12.9 (-17.5) × (5.2-) 5.9 - 7.6 (-9.5) μm, (L = (9.0-) 10.0 - 12.1 μm; L’ = 11.3 μm; W = 6.3 - 7.2 (-7.4) μm; W’ = 6.8 μm; Q = (1.11-)1.38 - 1.94 (-2.08); Q = (1.35-) 1.50 - 1.81; Q’ = 1.68).  [ image ]




  16. Amanita praelongispora (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL, GA
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1941], [Murrill 1948]
    Spores: [128/5/5] (8.7-) 9.4 - 12.9 (-19.0) × (3.5-) 3.8 - 4.9 (-6.0) μm, (L = 10.7 - 12.1 μm; L’ = 11.3 μm; W = 4.1 - 4.6 μm; W’ = 4.3 μm; Q = (1.81-) 2.17 - 3.07 (-3.65); Q = 2.49 - 2.84; Q’ = 2.64).  [ image ]




  17. Amanita rhoadsii (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: AL, FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1939]
    Spores: [85/3/3] (9.8-) 10.1 - 14.5 (-18.5) × (3.5-) 3.8 - 4.8 μm, (L = 11.7 - 13.9 μm; L' = 12.1 μm; W = 4.1 - 4.3 μm; W' = 4.3 μm; Q = (2.22-) 2.40 - 3.49 (-4.14); Q = 2.66 - 3.25; Q' = 2.82).  [ image ]


  18. Amanita rhoadsii var. flavotingens Bas
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969]
    65 mm wide, plano-convex, white, turning yellow when bruised, dry, with a nonstriate margin. The cap is covered with a powdery volval layer, and turns yellow when cut. The stem bruises yellow.  Spores: [25/1/1] 10.0 - 12.0 × 3.5 - 4.5 μm, (Q = 2.5 - 3.2: Q = 2.75 - 3.0).




  19. Amanita roanokensis Coker
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Coker 1927], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1946]
    Spores: [40/2/2] (12.0-) 12.8 - 17.1 (-19.5) × 3.6 - 4.9 (-5.0) μm, (L = 14.4 - 14.7 μm; L' = 14.6 μm; W = 4.1 - 4.4 μm; W' = 4.2 μm; Q = (2.62-) 2.73 - 4.08 (-4.67); Q = 3.32 - 3.70; Q' = 3.51).  [ image ]




  20. Amanita subsolitaria (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1941]
    Spores: [40/2/2] 11.5 - 15.5 × 4.5 - 6.0 μm, (Q = 2.0 - 3.10; Q = 2.30 - 2.60).  [ image ]




  21. Amanita westii (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Bas 1969], [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1944], [Tulloss and Lewis 1994]
    Spores: [140/6/4] (8.5-) 10.5 - 13.9 (-15.5) × (5.0-) 6.0 - 7.8 (-8.2) μm; L = 11.0 - 12.8 μm; L' = 12.2 μm; W = 6.6 - 7.3 μm; W' = 6.9 μm; Q = (1.42-) 1.53 - 2.0 (-2.18); Q = 1.67 - 1.87; Q' = 1.77).  [ image ]




  22. Amanita sp-F01
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [80/4/3] (8.7-) 9.8 - 17.5 × 5.2 - 7.3 (-10.5) μm, (L = 10.8 - 12.2 μm; L’ = 11.5 μm; W = 6.1 - 6.5 μm; W’ = 6.3 μm; Q = (1.48-) 1.53 - 2.14 (-2.25); Q = 1.74 - 1.99; Q’ = 1.83).  [ image ]


  23. Amanita sp-F04
    Locs.: FL
    Small, white hemispherical to convex cap, universal veil remnants as irregular white patches.  The lamellae are crowded and very pale off- white.  The stipe is cylindric or slightly narrowing downward, narrowly napiform bulb at the base.  Universal veil from stipe base is either lost or absent.


  24. Amanita sp-F05
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [60/2/1] (8.7-) 9.8 - 14.3 (-20.3) × (4.2-) 5.2- 6.3 (-7.3) μm, (L = 12.1 - 12.8 μm; L’ = 12.5 μm; W = 5.5 - 5.7 μm; W’ = 5.6 μm; Q = (1.67-) 1.88 -2.50 (-3.40 ); Q = 2.21 - 2.24; Q’ = 2.22).


  25. Amanita sp-F09
    Locs.: FL

    Very little shoulder on the rooting bulb, a nearly cylindrical stipe and much larger avg. spore dimensions; forking gills.   Spores: [85/4/2] (12.9-) 14.0 - 20.3 × (3.8-) 4.2 - 5.6 μm; L = (15.9-) 16.6 - 17.5 μm; L’ = 16.7 μm; W = (4.5-) 5.0 - 5.1 μm; W' = 4.9 μm; Q = 3.33 - 3.55; Q’ = 3.44).


  26. Amanita sp-F15
    Locs.: FL
    White, “golf ball on a stick”, with pallid volval warts.  Spores: [40/1/1] (8.5-) 9.0 - 10.5 (11.4) × (3.8-) 4.0 - 4.7 (-5.4) μm, (L = 9.7 μm; L’ = 9.7 μm; W = 4.3 μm; W’ = 4.3 μm; Q = (1.98-) 2.0 - 2.50 (-2.65); Q = 2.25; Q’ = 2.25).




Section Phalloideae (All regional taxa in this section should be assumed to contain deadly amatoxins (also called amanitins), although the concentration can vary greatly from one specimen to another even within a single species.  Soft to firm stipe bulb with limbate volva, not complexly layered; pileus margin not appendiculate.  Stipe always with a membranous (rarely felted in A. magnivelaris) partial veil.  Basidia usually rather short and always lacking basal clamps.
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  1. Amanita amerivirosa Tulloss nom. prov.
    Locs.: GA
    Spores: [80/4/4] (8.4-) 9.0 - 11.0 (-12.6) × (7.5-) 8.0 - 10.2 (-11.6) μm, (L = 9.4 - 10.0 μm; L' = 9.8 μm; W = 8.7 - 9.3 μm; W' = 9.0 μm; Q = (1.03-) 1.05 - 1.16 (-1.25); Q = 1.08 - 1.11; Q' = 1.09).  [ image ]




  2. Amanita bisporigera G. F. Atk.
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Lewis 1906], [Jenkins 1978]
    Spores: [412/18/16] (4.9-) 7.2 - 9.9 (-11.2) × (4.2-) 6.4 - 8.8 (-10.0) μm, (L = (7.8-) 7.9 - 9.2 (-9.6) μm; L’ = 8.4 μm; W = (7.0-) 7.1 - 8.1 (-8.2) μm; W’ = 7.5 μm; Q = (1.0-) 1.02 - 1.25 (-1.70); Q = (1.05-) 1.06 - 1.19 (-1.20); Q’ = 1.12).  [ image ]




  3. Amanita longitibiale Tulloss, Pérez-Silva & T. Herrera
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Murrill 1948], [Tulloss, Silva and Herrera 1995]
    Spores: [200/9/6] (9.4-) 10.5 - 13.3 (-14.8) × (4.2-) 5.0 - 6.3 (-7.2) μm, (L = 11.4 - 12.3 (-12.6) μm; L' = 11.8 μm; W = (5.4-) 5.6 - 5.9 μm; W' = 5.7 μm; Q = (1.56-) 1.79 - 2.31 (-3.04); Q = 1.99 - 2.19 (- 2.28); Q' = 2.08).  [ image ]


  4. Amanita parviformis (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1944]
    Spores: [39/1/1] (8.2-) 8.8 - 10.0 (-11.2) × (5.2-) 5.5 - 7.0 (-7.2) μm, (L = 9.4 μm; W = 6.3 μm; Q = (1.21-) 1.32 - 1.67 (-1.88); Q = 1.49).  This species is very difficult to separate from A. elliptosperma.  The cap is 25 mm wide, hemispheric, and white. The stem has a short, skirt-like ring.


  5. Amanita pseudoverna (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1944]
    Cap 40-60 mm wide, smooth, white to cream.  Stem 80 - 120 × 10 - 15 mm, at timees very rough.  Spores: [40/2/1] 9.0 - 10.8 (-12.0) × 6.2 - 8.0 (-8.2) μm, (L = 9.8 μm; L' = 9.8 μm; W = 6.9 - 7.1 μm; W' = 7.0 μm; Q = (1.12-) 1.28 - 1.53 (-1.58); Q = 1.39 - 1.41; Q' = 1.40).




  6. Amanita suballiacea (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948]
    Spores: [97/5/4] (7.2-) 8.0 - 10.5 (-11.5) × 6.5 - 8.8 (-9.2) μm, (L = 8.7 - 10.1 μm; L' = 9.1 μm; W = 7.2 - 8.0 μm; W' = 7.5 μm; Q = (1.04-) 1.11 - 1.39 (-1.50); Q = 1.20 - 1.28; Q' = 1.22).  [image ]


  7. Amanita verniformis (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1945]
    This species is very difficult to separate from A. elliptosperma.  The cap is 70 mm wide, convex to plane, smooth and milk white. Stem is 80 - 10 mm.  Spores: [40/1/1] (9.0-) 9.2 - 11.2 (-11.8) × 6.5 - 8.2 μm, (L = 10.3 μm; W = 7.5 μm; Q = (1.22-) 1.24 - 1.60 (-1.69); Q = 1.37).




  8. Amanita virosiformis (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1941]
    Spores: [166/7/4] (9.5-) 10.2 - 13.8 (-16.0) × (3.8-) 4.2 - 5.8 (-6.5) μm, (L = 11.2 - 12.3 μm; L' = 11.9 μm; W = 4.4 - 5.5 μm; W' = 4.8 μm; Q = (1.74-) 2.08 - 3.06 (-3.62); Q = 2.25 - 2.76; Q' = 2.50).  [ image ]


  9. Amanita cf. elliptosperma G. F. Atk.
    Locs.: AL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1982A]
    Mentioned in [Murrill 1913] as a species from N. Carolina snd similar to Amanita verna.


  10. Amanita sp-F13 Tulloss
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [80/4/1] (9.4-) 9.8 - 14.7 × (4.9-) 5.2 - 6.3 (-7.0) μm, (L = 11.7 - 11.9 (-12.6) μm; L’ 12.0 μm; W = 5.7 - 5.9 μm; W’ 5.8 μm; Q = 1.99 - 2.03 (-2.19); Q’ 2.06).
    Tentatively section Phalloideae.




Section Validae (Universal veil almost always friable, appearing as a small limb only in taxa with a marginate stipe bulb.  Stipe always annulate.  Pilei may be brightly coloreD. Basidia usually rather short and always lacking basal clamps.  While some of the taxa in this section may not contain a hemolytic compound, a number of them do.  Therefore, ingestion of species in this section without thorough cooking is to be strongly discouraged. Experimentation with eating amanitas is not a good idea at any rate.)
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  1. Amanita amerirubescens Tulloss nom prov.
    Locs.: GA
    Eventually, this name will be assigned to a specific rubescent amanita in Eastern North America.  There is genetic evidence that there are many such taxa.  We have few collections of rubescent taxa from the states covered by this checklist, the only one for which we have genetic information is listed below (A. sp- amerirubescens02).  For the moment, this entry holds a place in the list for additional rubescent taxa that have not been confirmed for the region.  Spores: [40/2/2] (7.0-) 7.3 - 9.5 (-9.8) × (5.6-) 5.9 - 7.0 (-7.3) μm, (L = 7.9 - 9.1 μm; L’ = 8.5 μm; W = 6.4 - 6.6 μm; W’ = 6.5 μm; Q = (1.05-) 1.14 - 1.46 (-1.53); Q = 1.23 - 1.38; Q’ = 1.31).  [ image ]


  2. Amanita flavivolva Murrill
    Locs.: FL

    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1953]
    The cap is 40 - 53 mm wide, pale or grayish yellow to brownish orange with a whitish edge. Cap is thick around the stem. The stem is 65 - 80 × 4 - 11 mm white, discoloring to watery brown on handling. Spores: [21/1/1] (6.5-) 7.5 - 8.5 (-9.2) × 4.8 - 5.5 (- 5.8) μm, (L = 8.0 μm; W = 5.4 μm; Q = (1.35-) 1.41 - 1.77; Q = 1.56).




  3. Amanita flavorubens (Berk. & Mont.) Sacc.
    Locs.: AL, FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1982A], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1914], [Murrill 1913]
    = Amanita flavorubescens Spores: [180/9/8] (7.4-) 7.8 - 11.0 (-12.6) × (4.9-) 5.4 - 7.0 (-8.4) μm, (L = 8.3 - 9.6 (-10.7) μm; L’ = 9.2 μm; W = (5.5-) 5.7 - 6.6 μm; W’ = 6.1 μm; Q = (1.17-) 1.28 - 1.76 (-1.96); Q = (1.34-) 1.37 - 1.67; Q’ = 1.52).  [ image ]


  4. Amanita fraterna (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1941B]
    The cap is 20 - 40 mm wide, somewhat convex, honey colored with a dark brown center. Flesh is thin and white.  The stem is 60 - 70 × 5 - 8 mm, pinkish-tan with a white ring.  Spores: [-/-/1] 7.8 - 8.6 × 5.5 - 5.9 μm, (Q = 1.32 - 1.56; Q' = 1.46).




  5. Amanita maryaliceae Tulloss nom prov.
    Locs.: AL
    Spores: [140/7/5] (6.3-) 7.0 - 8.7 (-9.4) × (4.1-) 4.9 - 6.0 (-6.6) μm, (L = 7.3 - 8.2 μm; L’ = 7.8 μm; W = 5.2 - 5.7 μm; W’ = 5.4 μm; Q = (1.19-) 1.27 - 1.62 (-1.71); Q = 1.35 - 1.55; Q’ = 1.45).  [ image ]


  6. Amanita maculans (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1944]
    Cap 30 - 40 (-60) mm wide, convex, smooth, white or lemon tinted white, soemtimes tannish; cap flesh white.  Stem 40 - 60 × 5 - 7 mm, becoming reddish when bruised.  Spores: [-/-/1] (7.8-) 8.6 × 7.8 - 8.6 μm, (Q = 1.0 - 1.10; Q' = 1.04).


  7. Amanita media Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL

    Lit.: [Jenkins 1983]
    Cap is up to 78 mm wide, silvery white and up to 7 mm thick. The stem is 50 × 14 - 155 mm, solid and creamy white, separates easily.  Spores: [-/-/-] (9.4-) 10.2 - 12.5 × 4.7 - 5.5 μm, (Q = 1.99 - 2.29; Q’ = 2.12)


  8. Amanita neoneglecta Tulloss
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Tulloss Caycedo, Hughes, Geml, Kidzma, Wolfe, and Arora 2015]
    Spores: [-/-/1] 8.6 - 10.2 × 3.9 - 5.5 μm, (Q = 1.85 - 2.21; Q' = 2.00).  Convex cap 40 mm wide, with volva as white patches.  Stem white.




  9. Amanita radiata Dav. T. Jenkins
    Locs.: AL, FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1984], [Murrill 1951]
    Spores: [20/1/1] (7.7-) 8.2 - 11.7 (-12.4) × (4.2-) 4.5 - 5.7 (-6.0) μm, (L = 9.2 μm; W = 4.9 μm; Q = (1.71-) 1.76 - 2.13 (-2.18); Q = 1.90).  [ image ]




  10. Amanita solaniolens H. L. Stewart & Grund
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Stewart and Grund 1974] Spores: [146/8/8] (6.6-) 7.3 - 9.0 (-10.8) × (5.9-) 6.6 - 8.5 (-10.1) μm, (L = 7.7 - 8.6 (-8.8) μm; L’ = 8.2 μm; W = 7.0 - 7.8 (-7.9) μm; W’ = 7.5 μm; Q = 1.0 - 1.17 (-1.28); Q = 1.06 - 1.11; Q’ = 1.07).  [ image ]


  11. Amanita subcitriniceps (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948], [Murrill 1945]
    Cap is 40 mm wide, smooth, with thin white flesh.  The stem is 80 × 6 - 10 mm, floccose above and below the ring, and white.  Spores: [-/-/1] 7.8 - 8.6 (-9.4) × 5.5 - 6.2 μm, (Q = 1.39 - 1.52; Q' = 1.43).




  12. Amanita submaculata Peck
    Locs.: GA
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1978], [Murrill 1913], [Peck 1900B]
    Spores: [406/19/16] (6.3-) 7.0 - 9.8 (-13.3) × (4.5-) 4.9 - 6.6 (-8.4) μm, (L = (7.2-) 7.8 - 8.8 (-8.9) μm; L’ = 8.4 μm; W = (5.2-) 5.5 - 6.2 μm; W’ = 5.7 μm; Q = (1.18-) 1.25 - 1.67 (-2.02); Q = (1.32-) 1.36 - 1.56 (-1.64); Q’ = 1.47).  [ image ]


  13. Amanita subphalloides (Murrill) Murrill
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Jenkins 1979B], [Murrill 1951], [Murrill 1948]
    Said by Murrill to be similar to Amanita brunnescens.  Cap is umber with a dark center, about 40 mm wide. Stem is solid, white, and 60 × 5 - 7 mm.  Gills are white with a rosy tint.  Spores: [-/-/1] 5.5 - 7.0 (-7.8) × 5.5 - 6.2 (-7.4) μm, (Q = 1.0 - 1.13; Q' = 1.07).




  14. Amanita sp-amerirubescens02
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [170/7/7] (7.1-) 7.7 - 10.2 (-11.5) × (5.0-) 5.5 - 7.1 (-8.0) μm, (L = 8.0 - 9.3 μm; L' = 8.7 μm; W = 5.7 - 6.8 μm; W = 6.2 μm; Q = (1.13-) 1.22 - 1.61 (-1.81); Q = 1.27 - 1.54; Q' = 1.41).  [ image ]




  15. Amanita sp-F14 Tulloss
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: [140/7/1] (6.1-) 7.0 - 9.5 (-10.0) × 4.5 - 6.0 (-6.5) μm, (L = 7.3 - 8.3 μm; L' = 7.9 μm; W = 4.9 - 5.5 μm; W' = 5.1 μm; Q = (1.26-) 1.36 - 1.78 (-2.0); Q = 1.48 - 1.68; Q' = 1.55).  [ image ]




  16. Amanita sp-lavendula01 K.W. Hughes, Tulloss & Rodríguez Caycedo
    Locs.: FL
    Regularly a white to pale yellow to citron or grayish citron.  Like the very similar A. Lavendula (Coker) Tulloss et. al., this species will turn to a lavender or dark amethyst purple within a degree of freezing.  The species differs from A. lavendula in having larger, rounder spores.  This species is differentiated genetically from the others.  Spores: [209/10/9] (6.7-) 7.5 - 9.5 (-11.0) × (6.0-) 6.8 - 9.0 (-10.0) μm, (L = 7.9 - 8.9 μm; L' = 8.4 μm; W = 7.2 - 8.4 μm; W' = 7.8 μm; Q = (1.01-) 1.03 - 1.14 (-1.25); Q = 1.06 - 1.09; Q' = 1.08).  [ image ]




  17. Amanita sp-lavendula03 K.W. Hughes, Tulloss & Rodríguez Caycedo
    Locs.: FL
    Regularly a white to pale yellow to citron or grayish citron.  Like the very similar A. Lavendula (Coker) Tulloss et. al., this species will turn to a lavender or dark amethyst purple within a degree of freezing.  The species differs from A. lavendula in having larger, rounder spores.  This species is differentiated genetically from the others.  Spores: [31/1/1] (6.0-) 7.5 - 9.5 (-9.6) × (5.4-) 7.0 - 9.0 (-9.1) μm, (L = 7.8 - 9.0 μm; L; = 8.6 μm; W = 7.3 - 8.3 μm; W' = 8.0 μm; Q = (1.02-) 1.04 - 1.14 (-1.15); Q = 1.08; Q' = 1.08).  [ image ]



Section Unassigned (The species which are not determined to section at this time are listed below.)
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  1. Amanita sp-A02 Tulloss
    Locs.: AL
    May be in section Validae or Lepidella. Faintly striate in age, cap tends to split. Large partial veil. Length of stem above bulb is roughly the diameter of the cap.


  2. Amanita sp-A11 Tulloss
    Locs.: AL
    May be in section Validae or Lepidella.




Genus Limacella (Idenitifiable by a fertile gill margin and a cap with slime)

Section Amanitellae (There are very few taxa in this section which have a dry stem and a true membranous annulus.)
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  1. None at this time.


Section Limacella (Taxa in this section have a dry stem and no membranous annulus.)
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  1. None at this time.


Section Lubricae (Taxa in this section do not have a membranous annulus and have a slimy stem when fresh.)
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  1. Limacella alachuana (Murrill) Singer ex Pegler
    Locs.: FL
    Spores: 5.5–6.5 × 4.5–6 μm, (L’ = 6.0 ± 0.4 μm; W’ = 5.3 ± 0.3 μm; Q’ = 1.16)
    Named for slimy stem. Cap is 25 - 40 mm wide, white. Stem is 50 - 60 × 2 - 4 mm, white and cylindric.
    Lit.: [Murrill 1951], [Pegler 1983]


  2. Limacella floridana (Murrill) H. V. Sm.
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Murrill 1951], [Smith 1945]
    Cap is 45 mm wide, reddish-brownish tan, slightly darker in the center. Flesh is white. Stem is 50 × 7 - 9 mm. Its short gills barely touch the stem. Presents with a faint and pleasant odor. Lit.: [Murrill 1951], [Smith 1945]




  3. Limacella subillinita Guzmán & P. D. Johnson
    Locs.: FL
    Lit.: [Guzman and Johnson 1974]
    Spores: [135/7/2] (5.0–) 5.2–7.0 (–7.8) × (4.0–) 4.2–5.5 (–6.5) μm, (L = 5.7–6.4 μm; L’ = 6.1 μm; W = 4.6–5.0 μm; W’ = 4.8 μm; Q = (1.08–) 1.11–1.45 (–1.74); Q = 1.24–1.29; Q’ = 1.27).  Cap is 15 - 55 mm wide, pale tan and brownish over the center, becoming planar with some striations. The stem is 45 - 65 × 3 - 6 mm, mostly white with occasional yellow tint near the bottom.



BIBLIOGRAPHY

[Bas 1969] Morphology and subdivision of Amanita and a monograph of its section Lepidella. Persoonia 5: 285-579.

[Beardslee 1919] A new species of Amanita. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 34: 198-199.

[Beardslee 1936] A new Amanita and notes on Boletus subalbellus. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 52: 105-106.

[Coker 1917] The amanitas of the eastern United States. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc. 33: 1-88.

[Coker 1927] New or noteworthy basidiomycetes. J. Elisha Mitchell Scient. Soc.: 47: 129-145.

[Gilbert 1941] Amanitaceae Iconogr. Myco., Vol. 27, pp. 1-427

[Guzman and Johnson 1974] Registros y especies nuevas de los hongos de Palenque, Chiapas. Bol. Soc. Mex. Micol. 8: 73-105.

[Jenkins 1977] A taxonomic and nomenclatural study of the genus Amanita section Amanita for North America. Biblioth. Mycol. 57: 1-126.

[Jenkins 1978] A study of Amanita types I. Mycotaxon 7(1): 23-44.

[Jenkins 1979A] A new Amanita from Florida. Mycotaxon 8(1): 177-180.

[Jenkins 1979B] A study of Amanita III. Mycotaxon 10: 175-200.

[Jenkins 1980] A new species of Amanita. Mycotaxon 10(2): 296-298.

[Jenkins 1982A] A Study of Amanita Types IV. Mycotaxon 14: 237-246.

[Jenkins 1982B] A New Species of Amanita Mycotaxon 19(1): 233-236.

[Jenkins 1983] A new species of Amanita IV. Mycotaxon 20(2): 315-317.

[Jenkins 1985] A new species of Amanita VII. Mycotaxon 24: 283.

[Jenkins 1988] A new species of Amanita from North America: Amanita levistriata. Mycotaxon 32: 463-469.

[Lewis 1906] The basidium of Amanita bisporigera. Bot. Gaz. 41: 348-352.

[lloyd 1898] A compilation of the Volvae of the United States. Mycol. Writings 1.

[Morales-Torres, Villegas, Cifuentes, and Tulloss 1999] Revision of Amanita alexandri and its similarity to Amanita polypramis. Mycotaxon 73: 477-491.

[Murrill 1913] The amanitas of eastern North America. Mycologia 5(2): 72-87.

[Murrill 1914] Agaricaceae. North American Flora (Agricales) 10(1): 63-76.

[Murrill 1939] Additions to Florida fungi—I. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 66(1): 29-38.

[Murrill 1941] Some Florida novelties. Mycologia 33(3): 279-287.

[Murrill 1941B] More Florida novelties. Mycologia 33(4): 434-449.

[Murrill 1944] More fungi from Florida. Lloydia 7: 300-327.

[Murrill 1944] New Florida fungi Proc. Florida Acad. Sci. 7(2-3): 107-127.

[Murrill 1945] New Florida fungi. Quarterly J. Florida Acad. Sci. August 2, 1945: 175-198.

[Murrill 1946] New and interesting Florida fungi. Lloydia 9(4): 315-330.

[Murrill 1948] Florida Amanitas. Lloydia 11: 99-101.

[Murrill 1951] Species of Florida basidiomycetes. Univ. Florida Bull 478: 8-36.

[Murrill 1953] New species of Amanita. Mycologia 45: 794.

[Peck 1897] New species of fungi. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 24(3): 137-147.

[Peck 1900A] Report of the State Botanist 1899. Rep. Regents Univ. State New York, New York State Museum of Natural History 53: 840.

[Peck 1900B] New species of fungi Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 27: 609-613

[Pegler 1997] The agarics of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ?: 70.

[Reid 1966] Coloured icones of rare and interesting Fungi. 1. Beih. Nova Hedwigia 11: 25.

[Rosen 1926] A new Amanita from Arkansas. Mycologia 18: 97.

[Saccardo 1887] Sylloge hymenomycetum. Sylloge Fungorum Omnium Hucusque Conitorum 5: 1-1146.

[Singer 1948] Diagnoses fungorum novorum Agaricalium. Sydowia 2: 34.

[Singer 1951] The Agaricales [mushrooms] in modern taxonomy. Lilloa 22: 385.

[Smith 1945] The genus Limacella in North America. Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 30: 125-147.

[Stewart and Grund 1974] Nova Scotian fungi. New species and records of amanitas for the province. Canad. J. Bot. 52: 331-339.

[Tulloss 1984] Tulloss, R. E. 1984. Distribution and taxonomic notes on Amanita mutabilis. Mycologia 76: 555-558.

[Tulloss 2005] Amaniteae: Amanita, Limacella, & Torrendia. By Pierre Neville & Serge Poumarat, etc. [Book Review] Mycotaxon 93: 209.

[Tulloss, Caycedo-Rodríguez, Hughes, Geml, Kudzma, Wolfe, and Arora 2015] Nomenclatural changes in Amanita. II. Amanitaceae 1(2): 3.

[Tulloss, Halling and Mueller 2011 ] Studies in Amanita (Amanitaceae) of Central America. I. Three new species from Costa Rica and Honduras. Mycotaxon 117: 169.

[Tulloss and Jenkins 1985] Validation of Amanita longipes. Mycotaxon 22(2): 439.

[Tulloss and Lewis 1994] Amanita westii-taxonomy and distribution. A rare species from states bordering on the Gulf of Mexico. Mycotaxon 50: 131.

[Tulloss, Silva and Herrera 1995] Amanita longitibiale—a new species of Amanita section Phalloideae from Central Mexico and southeastern U.S.A. Mycotaxon 53: 195.


Last changed 5 June 2017.  [ top ]
This page is maintained by R. E. Tulloss.
This page was initiated in 2015.