Ridley (1991): up to ca. 60 mm wide, fibrillose to squamulose, cinnamon to sepia over buff, with an acute, elongate umbo up to 35 mm long and becoming curved or bent; context not described; margin probably appendiculate; universal veil not described.
Ridley (1991): free, moderately crowded, white staining “yellow;” lamellulae not described.
Ridley (1991): up to 85 mm long, subcylindric, at apex floccose and white darkening to ochreous, with lower stipe buff, with base white; bulb present (per illustration); exannulate; unversal veil as scabrous to floccose-scaly, buff to ochreous material on lower stipe.
Each spore data set is intended to comprise a set of measurements from a single specimen made by a single observer;
and explanations prepared for this site talk about specimen-observer pairs associated with each data set.
Combining more data into a single data set is non-optimal because it obscures observer differences
(which may be valuable for instructional purposes, for example) and may obscure instances in which
a single collection inadvertently contains a mixture of taxa.