3. Amanita pudica, ca. Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville), D. R. Congo.
The following is based on the original description of this species and subsequent publications by Gilbert (1941a) and Walleyn (1996).
The cap of A. pudica is usually free of volval remnants, 50 - 80 mm wide, uniformly pink, convex at first becoming planar; its center becomes depressed. The margin is finely striate. The flesh is white.
The gills are reported as free and white and are probably irregularly and finely decorated on the margin.
The stem measures 70 - 80 × 7 - 9 mm, white, cylindric, smooth, exannulate, and undecorated. The volva is thick and membranous; and the brown exterior surface is cracked to show the white interior.
The odor and taste for this species have not been reported.
According to Walleyn (1996), the spores measure (7.0-) 8.2 - 10.9 (-11.3) × (4.9-) 5.5 - 7.9 µm and are ellipsoid
for the most part and inamyloid. He also reported that clamps were present on some basidia.
The species was originally
described from Congo and occurs in central Africa.
In Walleyn's revision of this species he illustrates and describes the fact that the basidiome develops off-center (upward) in the "button" stage of the mushroom. This means that the species cannot be placed in section Vaginatae as had been assumed previously. It must be placed in section Amanita—in which it is morphologically unique in the current state of knowledge. Moreover, he clarified that the spores are inamyloid and added that clamps were to be found on the basidia and in other tissues.
This is surely one of the most
beautifully and interestingly colored of all species of the
genus.—R. E. Tulloss
The editors of this site owe a great debt to Dr. Cornelis Bas
whose famous cigar box files of Amanita nomenclatural information
gathered over three or more decades were made available to RET for computerization
and make up the lion's share of the nomenclatural information presented on this site.
The following text may make multiple use of each data field.
The field may contain magenta text presenting data from a type study
and/or revision of other original material cited in the protolog of the present taxon.
Macroscopic descriptions in magenta are a combination of data from the protolog and
additional observations made on the exiccata during revision of the cited original
The same field may also contain black text, which is data from a revision of the present
taxon (including non-type material and/or material not cited in the protolog).
Paragraphs of black text will be labeled if further subdivision of
this text is appropriate.
Olive text indicates a specimen that has not been
thoroughly examined (for example, for microscopic details) and marks other places in the text
where data is missing or uncertain.
The following material not directly from the protolog of the present taxon and not cited as the work of another researcher is based on original research of R. E. Tulloss.
Walleyn (1996) reported on several collections of this species, but did not present composite data with regard to the spores. The collections he examined are cited below.
from protolog: 50 - 80 mm wide, uniformly pink, convex then planar, bare; context white, fleshy, hollow in center; margin finely striate; universal veil not present.
Walleyn (1996): bright pink, becoming partly yellowish in old basidiomes, strongly viscid; context not described; margin sulcate; universal veil not described.
from protolog: free, crowded, white; lamellulae not described.
from protolog: 70 - 80 × 7 - 9 mm, white, cylindric, glabrous, smooth; bulb not described; context white; exannulate (per figure); universal veil as saccate volva (per figure), membranous, thick, with brown exterior, areolate.
Walleyn (1996): bulb with length about one-third that of stipe (per figure), approximately hemispheric (per figure), sometimes with small obconic projection below (per figure); context not described; exannulate (per figure) universal veil as robust saccate volva, with height of free limb about equal to height of enclosed bulb and separated from stipe by broad sinus (per figure), with limbus internus minimal or absent (per figure), with "warty" outer surface often colored by soil particles.
from protolog: filamentous hyphae slender.
Walleyn (1996), from non-type material: as ixocutis; filamentous undifferentiated hyphae interwoven, hyaline; vascular hyphae present.
from protolog: 26± × 8± μm, 4-sterigmate.
Walleyn (1996), from non-type material: 40 - 55 × 7.5 - 10.5 μm, 4-sterigmate; clamps probably present. [Note: Walleyn doesn't mention clamps on the basidia but mention them as present in the lamella trama, subhymenium, and universal veil. He also illustrates them as present in the lamella edge tissue. ed.]
Walleyn (1996), from non-type material: filamentous hyphae slender, frequently branching, anastomosing; inflated cells more or less spherical [40 - 50 (-100) μm wide], terminal; vascular hyphae present.
lamella edge tissue
Walleyn (1996), from non-type material: inflated cells slighty clavate to broadly clavate to short-spheropedunculate, 23 - 30 × 12 - 17 μm numerous.
from protolog: 8 × 5 - 5.5 μm, hyaline, smooth, ellipsoid, "amyloid" [sic]. [Note: This data is inadequate for generation of a sporograph. The spores are inamyloid per Walleyn (1996).—ed.]
from type (Walleyn 1996): [20/-/1] 8.2 - 10.9 (-11.3) × 5.5 - 7.6 μm, (L = 9.6 μm; W = 6.5 μm; est. Q = 1.40 - 1.50; Q = 1.45), hyaline, smooth, thin-walled, ellipsoid, inamyloid, adaxially flattened; apiculus sublateral and cylindric or truncate conic (all per figure); contents mostly uniguttulate; white in deposit. [Note: Walleyn wished to illustrate the similarity of the spores in the material he examined and presented the data for each collection separately. Unfortunately, this prevents us from creating a single sporograph representing the variation in spore size and shape that Walleyn found. Walleyn only provides an average Q for each collection revised; hence, we have had to make a conservative estimate of the range of Q for each collection.—ed.]
Walleyn (1996), from Verbeken 94/71: [20/-/1] 7.0 - 9.9 × 4.9 - 6.8 μm, (L = 8.5 μm; W = 5.9 μm; est. Q = 1.40 - 1.50; Q = 1.43). [Note: See previous comment on (Walleyn 1996).]
Walleyn (1996), from Soyer 235: [20/-/1] 8.7 - 10.5 × 5.5 - 7.5 μm, (L = 9.6 μm; W = 6.5 μm; est. Q = 1.40 - 1.60; Q = 1.49). [Note: See previous comment on (Walleyn 1996).]
Walleyn (1996), from Rammeloo 5822: [50/-/1] (8.2-) 8.7 - 10.9 × 5.9 - 7.9 μm, (L = 9.8 μm; W = 6.9 μm; est. Q = 1.35 - 1.50; Q = 1.42). [Note: See previous comment on (Walleyn 1996).]
CRC: [60/2/1] (8.0-) 8.5 - 10.5 (-13.0) × (5.3-) 6.0 - 7.2 (-8.5) μm, (L = 9.1 - 9.5 μm; L' = 9.2 μm; W = 6.4 - 6.5 μm; W' = 6.5 μm; Q = (1.21-) 1.27 - 1.69 (-1.96); Q = 1.43 - 1.47; Q' = 1.45), hyaline, colorless, smooth, thin-walled, inamyloid, ellipsoid to elongate, occasionally adaxially flattened; apiculu sublateral, cylindric; contents granular or mono- to multiguttulate with additional small granules; color in deposit not recorded.
from protolog: Terrestrial.
Walleyn (1996): Burundi: At 1000± m elev. In Brachystegia woodland or on old termitaria in miombo woodland dominated by Brachystegia bussei and B. utilis. Republic of Congo: In miombo woodland or at the base of a temitaria. Zambia: In miombo woodland.
Walleyn (1996) observed that there was a bulb inside the volval sac of A. pudica—"only the part of the primordial stem above the level of the margin of the primordial cap elongates, leaving a distinct basal bulb." Recent DNA sequencing has supports such a placement of this species. Previously, the present species was thought to belong in sect. Vaginatae.
The present species is this first known from Africa with a bulb inside a membranous, saccate volva. Several other such taxa are known from the New World and Australia. The reader may wish to compare the taxa of the provisional series Umbrinellae.
This striking species still awaits a thorough revision.
—R. E. Tulloss and C. Rodríguez Caycedo
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(Beeli) E.-J. Gilbert
"African Rose Ringless Amanita"
1. Amanita pudica, east-central Africa.
2. Amanita pudica, east-central Africa.
3. Amanita pudica, ca. Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville), D. R. Congo.
David Arora - (1-2) east-central Africa.
M. Beeli after color pencil drawings of F. De Loose - (3) Lubumbashi (formerly Elisabethville), D. R. Congo.
Each spore data set is intended to comprise a set of measurements from a single specimen made by a single observer;
and explanations prepared for this site talk about specimen-observer pairs associated with each data set.
Combining more data into a single data set is non-optimal because it obscures observer differences
(which may be valuable for instructional purposes, for example) and may obscure instances in which
a single collection inadvertently contains a mixture of taxa.